The Heart of India – Madhya Pradesh

The Heart of India – Madhya Pradesh

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Why Go?

The vast state of Madhya Pradesh (MP) offers the promise of things majestic, beautiful and historic. Tigers, architectural beauties, temples, ruins, forts, Buddhist caves, its all there. Then why not head to the very heart of India?

Cities

Bhopal
Indore
Gwalior
Jabalpur
Ujjain

Heritage & Culture

Khajuraho Temples
Sanchi Stupa
Bhimbetka Caves
Gwalior Fort
Cenotaphs – Orchha
Jahaz Mahal – Mandu

wildlife

Panna National Park
Kanha Tiger Reserve
Bandhavgarh National Park
Pench National Park

nature

Panchmarhi
Bhedaghat Marble Rocks
Dhuandhar Falls
Satpura & Vindhya Hills

Pilgrim centers

Omkareshwar
Maheshwar
Amarantak
Mahakaleshwar Temple – Ujjain
Bawangaja Jain temples
Jama Masjid – Mandu


FOR MORE ABOUT MP – Click here

Possible Trips

  1. Ex. Bhopal
    Ex. Bhopal
  2. Ex. Khajuraho
    Ex. Khajuraho
  3. Ex. Pachmarhi
    Ex. Pachmarhi
  4. Ex. Indore
    Ex. Indore
  5. Ex. Gwalior
    Ex. Gwalior
  6. Ex. Jabalpur
    Ex. Jabalpur
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Best Time to Visit

  • Summer for wildlife sightings, Panchmarhi
  • Monsoon for Chitrakoot falls, Hills of Satpura and Vindhya. Also the shoulder season.
  • Winter for UNESCO World Heritage sites, wildlife safaris

Seasons

  • Summer: From April till June
  • Monsoon: from July till September
  • Winters: From October till March


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  • Facts
  • Entry
  • History
  • Area: 3.08 lakhs sq kms
  • Capital: Bhopal
  • Population: 72 million
  • Primary Language: Hindi

madhya pradesh airports madhya pradesh railway junctions

On account of its central position, all historical currents had apparently passed through Madhya Pradesh, leaving conspicuous marks on it.

The prehistoric period begins with the stone age, which the sites such as Bhimbetka, Adamgarh, Jaora, Raisen, Pachmarhi, etc. stand witness to.
madhya pradesh bhimbetka rock shelter
However the dynastic history begins with the time of Ashoka, the great Buddhist emperor whose Mauryan empire was powerful in Malwa and Avanti. King Ashoka’s wife is said to be from Vidisha, a town located north of today’s Bhopal. The Maurya Empire declined after death of Ashoka and central India was contested among the Shungas, Kushanas, Satvahanas and local dynasties during 3rd to 1st centuries BC.

In the 1st century BC, Ujjain was the predominant commercial centre. This area became part of northern India during Gupta empire in 4th 6th centuries AD, the era known as classical age. Onslaughts of Huna brought about the collapse of Gupta Empire resulting in its disintegration into smaller states.

However, a king Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Hunas in 528 AD ending their expansion.

Later Harsa of Thaneshwar reunited northern India till 647 AD before his death. In the medieval period Rajput, clans like Paramaras of Malwa and Chandelas of Bundelkhand dominated the region during 950-1060 AD. The paramara king Raja Bhoj, who gave the name to city of Bhopal, ruled over Indore and Dhar. Gond Kingdoms emerged in Gondwana and Mahakoshal.

In the 13th century, northern Madhya Pradesh was conquered by the Delhi Sultanate which collapsed in 14th century giving emergence to regional kingdoms like Tomars of Gwalior and Muslim Sultanate of Malwa with its capital at Mandu.

Content source: MP Madhyam (http://www.mp.gov.in/web/guest/home-history)

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  • Ex. Bhopal
  • Ex. Gwalior
  • Ex. Indore
  • Ex. Jabalpur
  • Ex. Khajuraho
  • Ex. Pachmarhi
madhya pradesh bhopal

  • Delawadi
  • Bhojpur
  • Islamnagar

Sanchi

HIGHLIGHTS

– Situated on a hilltop in Sanchi town
– Commissioned by Emporer Asoka in the 3rd century BCE
– Buddhist architectural masterpieces

don’t miss

– The Ashoka Pillar
– The ASI Museum
– Gupta Temple
– Nearby Udayagiri caves

TRAVEL TIPS

– Timings: Stupa – 8.30 am to 5.30 pm, Museum – 10 am to 5 pm
(Timings may change on public holidays)
– Suggested duration – 3 hours
– Hire a guide from the ASI





Bhimbetka

HIGHLIGHTS

– Largest group of rock shelters in the World (over 700)
– Paintings depicting the life of prehistoric cave dwellers

TRAVEL TIPS

– Timing – 6.30 am to 5.30 pm (all days of the week)
– Fees – Entry (10 INR), Vehicle parking (50 INR)
– Suggested Duration – 2 to 3 hours
– It is advisable to carry sun protection, water, snacks.




Udaygiri

HIGHLIGHTS

– 29 rock cut caves
– Massive Varaha Avtar of Vishnu
– Mesmerising view of the town
– Sunset

TRAVEL TIPS

– Timing – 9 am to 6 pm (all days of the week)
No entry fee
– Parking available
– Suggested Duration – 2 hours
Best time to visit is 9 am to 10 am or 5 pm to 6 pm
– Involves a trek to reach the caves




madhya pradesh itinerary from gwalior

  • Datia
  • Sonagiri
  • Orchha
  • Shivpuri
  • Chanderi

Gwalior Fort

HIGHLIGHTS

– In existence since the 6th century
– Imposing structure dominating city landscape of Gwalior
– Architectural marvels within the fort
– Jain sculptures

TRAVEL TIPS

Timings – 6.30 am to 5.30 pm (all days of the week)
Light and Sound Show (7.30 pm in Hindi and 8.30 pm in English)
Fees – Entry (75 INR)
Time needed to explore – 3 to 4 hours




madhya pradesh itinerary indore

  • Hanuwantiya
  • Omkareshwar
  • Maheshwar
  • Mandu
  • Burhanpur
madhya pradesh itinerary jabalpur

  • Bhandavgarh
  • Amarantak
  • Kanha
  • Pench
madhya pradesh itinerary khajuraho

  • Panna
  • Malhar
  • Mukumndpur Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sanjay National Park

Khajuraho

HIGHLIGHTS

– Nagara style architecture
– Erotic Sculptures
– Hindu and Jain temples, the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple being the most famous

TRAVEL TIPS

– Site Timing – 8 am to 6 pm (all days of the week), Fees – INR 10
– Sound and Light Show – Timing: 6.30 pm to 7.25 pm (Oct-Feb), 7.30 pm to 8.25 pm (Mar-Sep), Fees (INR 250)
– Museum Timings – 10 am to 5 om (Closed on Fridays), Fees – INR 10





madhya pradesh itinerary pachmarhi

  • Tamia
  • Patalkot
  • Pench
  • Shivpuri
  • Chanderi

From the Tripārambh Travel Desk

BROCHURES

Link Description
Western Madhya Pradesh Explore the destinations of Western MP
Eastern Madhya Pradesh A guide for a thoughtful, immersive traveler
Tiger and Beyond Wildlife in MP
Heritage Madhya Pradesh Top historic destinations of Madhya Pradesh

MAPS

Click the above brochure/map links to view them below


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Media
Why Go?
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Don’t miss
Brochures
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Geography
Entry Points
Culture
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Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India. It’s glorious past has been witness to all phases of India’s history.

Facts

Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India. It’s glorious past has been witness to all phases of India’s history.

Media




A Twitter List by triparambh

Why Go?

By Arun.arunb – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=51888088

The vast state of Madhya Pradesh (MP) offers the promise of things majestic, beautiful and historic. Tigers, architectural beauties, temples, ruins, forts, Buddhist caves, its all there. Then why not head to the very heart of India?

Best Time to Visit

  • Summer: From April till June
  • Monsoon: from July till September
  • Winters: From October till March

Don’t miss

  • Khajuraho
  • The national animal in its natural habitat
  • Orchha
  • Pachmarhi
  • Omkareshwar
  • Mandu
  • Maheshwar

Three sites in Madhya Pradesh have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO:

  • The Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986)
  • Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)
  • The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)

Brochures

Links to brochures

Western Madhya Pradesh - Explore the destinations
Eastern Madhya Pradesh - A guide for a thoughtful, immersive traveler
Tiger and Beyond - wildlife in MP
Heritage Madhya Pradesh - top historic destinations of Madhya Pradesh

Triparambh Specials

Articles from triparambh travel desk

History

The history of the Indian state Madhya Pradesh is divided into three periods. During the ancient period, the region was dominated by the Nanda, Maurya, and Gupta Empires.

The medieval period saw the rise of Rajput clans including the Paramara and Chandela clans, the latter known for constructing the temples of Khajuraho. The Malwa Sultanate also ruled during this period. The modern period in Madhya Pradesh saw the rise of the Mughal and Maratha empires, and later, the British Empire.

The British princely states of Gwalior, Indore, and Bhopal, were a part of modern Madhya Pradesh. The British rule continued until the middle of the 20th century, when India gained independence in 1947. The state of Madhya Pradesh was formed in 1956, and Chattisgarh was carved out from the state in 2000.

Geography

Madhya Pradesh literally means “Central Province”. It is located in the geographic heart of India in between the latitude of 21.2°N-26.87°N and longitude of 74°59’E-82°06’E. The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundaries between the north and south of India.

The highest point in Madhya Pradesh is Dhupgarh, with an elevation of 1,350 m (4,429 ft).

The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.

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Entry Points

GETTING IN BY AIR

AIRPORTS

Sl. No. Location ICAO IATA Airport Type
International Airports
1 Bhopal VOCL BHO Raja Bhoj Airport International
2 Indore VAID IDR Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar International Airport International
Domestic / Regional Airports
3 Gwalior VIGR GWL Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Air Terminal Domestic
4 Jabalpur VAJB JLR Dumna Airport Domestic
5 Khajuraho VAKJ HJR Civil Aerodrome Khajuraho Domestic

STATIONS

Major railway stations in Madhya Pradesh are Bhopal

  • Balaghat Junction
  • Bhopal Junction
  • Dewas Junction
  • Gwalior Junction
  • Indore Junction
  • Jabalpur Junction
  • Ratlam Junction

Culture

Madhya Pradesh is noted for its classical and folk music.

The local styles of folk singing include Faga, Bhartahari, Sanja geet, Bhopa, Kalbelia, Bhat/Bhand/Charan, Vasdeva, Videsia, Kalgi Turra, Nirgunia, Alha, Pandwani Gayan and Garba Garbi Govalan.

The major folk dances of MP are Rai, Karma, Saila, Matki, Gangaur, Badhai, Baredi, Naurata, Ahiri and Bhagoria.

GOND ART

Rich in detail, color, mystery and humor, these tribal artworks brilliantly employ modern means to evoke the pre-modern psyche. Jangarh Singh Shyam was the first Gond artist to use paper and canvas for his art. His talent was soon recognized, and his work was exhibited all over the country.

Traditional Attire of the men and women

Men wear the traditional dress Dhoti which also the traditional costume to various regions in India. Another traditional costume is Safa, it is one type of turban. Wearing Safa enriches the appearance of the men. Mirzai and Bandi are other traditional costumes to Men in Madhya Pradesh. They are in a black or white jacket. The Men in Malwa and Bundelkhand give a lot of preference to wear Mirzai and Bandi. The color of the costumes shows the dignity and radiant appearance. The very rural area people wear mostly short Dhotis. The Dhotis are very comfort while working in outside and they are famous as Langot.
Women in Madhya Pradesh wear the common dress called Lehenga and Choli. They also wear the Lugra or Orni which covered over shoulder and head. The costumes are generally in Black and Red colors and women also interested to wear the dress in Black and Red colors. At present some of the women also wearing the saris and now following the modern fashioned costumes.

Traditional Jewellery

Kathir and Silver’s ornaments are very famous in tribal areas. Pyheb is another ornament, girls’ interest to wear it on feet.

Tattoo Designing

Tattoo designing is very common in rural and tribal areas. The people who live in Bajara, Bhil, Kumhar, Bhilala, and Kahar are very interested to mark tattoo designs on their hands and foreheads. The Tattoo designs are their own names or the God’s pictures.

Tourist Circuits

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Eat and Drink

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Languages

The official language of the state is Hindi. In addition Marathi is spoken by a substantial number of the population since the state was home to several important and prestigious Maratha states. The state in fact has the highest concentration of Marathi people outside Maharashtra. Several regional variants are spoken, which are considered by stories be dialects of Hindi, and by others to be distinct but related languages. Among these dialects are Mallvi in Malwa, Nimadi in Nimar, Bundeli in Bundelkhand, and Bagheli in Bagelkhand and the southeast, and Rajashthani in the area near to Rajasthan. Each of these languages has dialects of its own. Other languages include Telugu, Bhilodi (Bhili), Gondi, Korku, Kalto (Nahali), and Nihali (Nahali), all spoken by Adivasis