MADHYA PRADESH - The Heart of India

Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India. It’s glorious past has been witness to all phases of India’s history.

By Arun.arunb – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

The vast state of Madhya Pradesh (MP) offers the promise of things majestic, beautiful and historic. Tigers, architectural beauties, temples, ruins, forts, Buddhist caves, its all there. Then why not head to the very heart of India?

  • Summer: From April till June
  • Monsoon: from July till September
  • Winters: From October till March
  • Khajuraho
  • The national animal in its natural habitat
  • Orchha
  • Pachmarhi
  • Omkareshwar
  • Mandu
  • Maheshwar
Three sites in Madhya Pradesh have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO:
  • The Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986)
  • Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)
  • The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)

Links to brochures

Western Madhya Pradesh – Explore the destinations
Eastern Madhya Pradesh – A guide for a thoughtful, immersive traveler
Tiger and Beyond – wildlife in MP
Heritage Madhya Pradesh – top historic destinations of Madhya Pradesh

The history of the Indian state Madhya Pradesh is divided into three periods. During the ancient period, the region was dominated by the Nanda, Maurya, and Gupta Empires.

The medieval period saw the rise of Rajput clans including the Paramara and Chandela clans, the latter known for constructing the temples of Khajuraho. The Malwa Sultanate also ruled during this period. The modern period in Madhya Pradesh saw the rise of the Mughal and Maratha empires, and later, the British Empire.

The British princely states of Gwalior, Indore, and Bhopal, were a part of modern Madhya Pradesh. The British rule continued until the middle of the 20th century, when India gained independence in 1947. The state of Madhya Pradesh was formed in 1956, and Chattisgarh was carved out from the state in 2000.

Madhya Pradesh literally means “Central Province”. It is located in the geographic heart of India in between the latitude of 21.2°N-26.87°N and longitude of 74°59’E-82°06’E. The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundaries between the north and south of India.

The highest point in Madhya Pradesh is Dhupgarh, with an elevation of 1,350 m (4,429 ft).

The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.




Sl. No. Location ICAO IATA Airport Type
International Airports
1 Bhopal VOCL BHO Raja Bhoj Airport International
2 Indore VAID IDR Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar International Airport International
Domestic / Regional Airports
3 Gwalior VIGR GWL Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Air Terminal Domestic
4 Jabalpur VAJB JLR Dumna Airport Domestic
5 Khajuraho VAKJ HJR Civil Aerodrome Khajuraho Domestic


Major railway stations in Madhya Pradesh are Bhopal
  • Balaghat Junction
  • Bhopal Junction
  • Dewas Junction
  • Gwalior Junction
  • Indore Junction
  • Jabalpur Junction
  • Ratlam Junction

Madhya Pradesh is noted for its classical and folk music.

The local styles of folk singing include Faga, Bhartahari, Sanja geet, Bhopa, Kalbelia, Bhat/Bhand/Charan, Vasdeva, Videsia, Kalgi Turra, Nirgunia, Alha, Pandwani Gayan and Garba Garbi Govalan.

The major folk dances of MP are Rai, Karma, Saila, Matki, Gangaur, Badhai, Baredi, Naurata, Ahiri and Bhagoria.


Rich in detail, color, mystery and humor, these tribal artworks brilliantly employ modern means to evoke the pre-modern psyche. Jangarh Singh Shyam was the first Gond artist to use paper and canvas for his art. His talent was soon recognized, and his work was exhibited all over the country.

Traditional Attire of the men and women
Men wear the traditional dress Dhoti which also the traditional costume to various regions in India. Another traditional costume is Safa, it is one type of turban. Wearing Safa enriches the appearance of the men. Mirzai and Bandi are other traditional costumes to Men in Madhya Pradesh. They are in a black or white jacket. The Men in Malwa and Bundelkhand give a lot of preference to wear Mirzai and Bandi. The color of the costumes shows the dignity and radiant appearance. The very rural area people wear mostly short Dhotis. The Dhotis are very comfort while working in outside and they are famous as Langot. Women in Madhya Pradesh wear the common dress called Lehenga and Choli. They also wear the Lugra or Orni which covered over shoulder and head. The costumes are generally in Black and Red colors and women also interested to wear the dress in Black and Red colors. At present some of the women also wearing the saris and now following the modern fashioned costumes.
Traditional Jewellery
Kathir and Silver’s ornaments are very famous in tribal areas. Pyheb is another ornament, girls’ interest to wear it on feet.
Tattoo Designing
Tattoo designing is very common in rural and tribal areas. The people who live in Bajara, Bhil, Kumhar, Bhilala, and Kahar are very interested to mark tattoo designs on their hands and foreheads. The Tattoo designs are their own names or the God’s pictures.

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The official language of the state is Hindi. In addition Marathi is spoken by a substantial number of the population since the state was home to several important and prestigious Maratha states. The state in fact has the highest concentration of Marathi people outside Maharashtra. Several regional variants are spoken, which are considered by stories be dialects of Hindi, and by others to be distinct but related languages. Among these dialects are Mallvi in Malwa, Nimadi in Nimar, Bundeli in Bundelkhand, and Bagheli in Bagelkhand and the southeast, and Rajashthani in the area near to Rajasthan. Each of these languages has dialects of its own. Other languages include Telugu, Bhilodi (Bhili), Gondi, Korku, Kalto (Nahali), and Nihali (Nahali), all spoken by Adivasis